‘What was she (Poland) to do? Was it with Hitler against Russia, or with Russia against Hitler? Either of those courses—if the alternative deserves that definition at all—would be inacceptable (sic).
In the first case there would follow an immediate loss by Poland of her Western lands and in the second, of her Eastern lands. In both cases a complete loss of independence would only be a question of time’.
Photo: A Polish boy returns to what was his home and squats among the ruins during a pause in the German air raids on Warsaw, Poland, September 1939 (Julien Bryan/ Steven Spielberg Archive. Courtesy of Sam K. Bryan)